The German shepherd is one of the most popular names among dog enthusiasts all over the world. This large-sized breed has become tremendously known for their boundless loyalty and intelligence. Therefore, the owners prefer to have them as a favourable option when it comes to choosing a family pet. The first impression of a good German Shepherd Dog is that of a strong, well muscled animal, alert and full of life.
German shepherd is the 3rd smartest breed of dog in the world
The German Shepherd Dog, also known as the Alsatian in Great Britain and in parts of Europe, is among the ‘top 10 most popular dog breeds' in the United States, and is also one of the World's most recognized breeds. However, German Shepherds is not the breed for you if you're away from home frequently or for long periods of time. If this breed is left alone they can generally become anxious or bored, and resort to express their worry through barking, chewing, or digging.
German Shepherds are medium to large-sized dogs. The breed standard height is approximately 60–65 cm. They have a domed forehead with eyes that are medium-sized and brown accompanied by a lively, intelligent and self-assured look. A German shepherd has a long neck, which is raised when excited and lowered when moving at a fast pace.
German shepherd’s originated from Germany and their breed is relatively new, originating in 1899. They were earlier used as herding dogs and guard dogs, mainly for sheep. In the later years of the 1800s, a German cavalry officer, Captain Max von Stephanitz, decided to develop the ideal German herder. Von Stephanitz and other like-minded breeders crossed various strains from the northern and central districts of Germany, resulting in the ancestors of today’s German shepherd dogs. The German Shepherd Dog’s versatility is so prominent in the performance of multiple tasks that it is easy to forget that the breed was originally created to herd sheep. The German shepherd dog is today the preferred dog for police and military units all over the world.
German shepherds are one of the most loyal dog breeds. They are reserved with outsiders but are very friendly with members of the family. They are fond of children and are very protective of their owners. The German shepherd personality is distant but not usually aggressive. They are reserved dogs who don't make friends immediately, but once they do, they stick to them are loyal. The German shepherd can be trained to do almost anything, even if it is alerting a deaf person to a doorbell ring or sniffing out a victim. One thing that they are not good at is being alone for a long time. Without the companionship that they need or without getting a chance to put their intelligence at work, German shepherd generally becomes bored and frustrated.
German Shepherds are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they're prone to certain health conditions. This dog can live up to 10 to 13 years on average. Canine hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia are the most common health issues affecting this strong and fearless breed. It causes the dog to experience pain in the limbs during old age and can also lead to arthritis, if it continues for a period of time. Also, Von Willebrand Disease is a bleeding disorder, which is also hereditary in this breed. German shepherd dogs can even get neurological diseases like degenerative myelopathy. Even though this breed is prone to diseases it still remains to be among the best breeds for anyone looking for a protection dog.
The German shepherd dog was originally bred to herd flocks in harsh climates, and so has a medium-length double coat, protecting the dog from rain and snow, and also making him resistant to picking up burrs and dirt. The breed sheds a lot of hair, twice a year. However, brushing their hair two to three times a week will help more of the hair come out in a brush rather than anywhere else. Bathing the dog too often strips the coat of oils that keep it healthy, so it is important to run the bathwater when your dog really needs it. The nails need to be trimmed once a month and the ears checked once a week for dirt, redness, or a bad odour that can indicate an infection. Brushing their teeth with a soft toothbrush or with doggie toothpaste can also help in keeping their gums and teeth in good shape.